Introduction to Florida

Florida is one of the major states in the United States that is located in the southeastern region of the United States. The state is nicknamed as the Sunshine State. Florida neighbors Gulf of Mexico o the west, Alabama and Georgia on the north, Atlantic Ocean on the east and Straits of Florida and Cuba to the south. The city of Florida’s’ state capital is Tallahassee. The state is the third most populous state in the United States.

History

Over 100 indigenous American tribes lived in Florida before the arrival of the first Spaniard in 1513. The first explore was the Famous Juan Ponce de Leon who was after the tales of legendary El Dorado gold. Other explores for instance St Augustine competing for the same came in and build towns and forts of which some them still exist.

The next group that took control of Florida’s rich lands was the British in the 1700s. The Spanish were kicked out by the British in 1763 who divided into two regions. Sided with the After the American Revolution the Spanish came back to Florida in 1781 and controlled the West and East Florida. The then US President Andrew Jackson was against the Spanish. The First Seminole War in 1817 was as a result of the president invasion to the Spanish. In the 1930s the first theme parks arrived with Cyprus Gardens, then the Walt Disney and later the Space Race at Cape Canaveral.

Florida’s most costly disaster was the hurricane in 1922 and the Gulf of Mexico oil spill.

Economy

The economic development of Florida is majorly as a contribution of tourism, international financial services, health care research and development and aerospace activities.

The state contributes largely to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the US.

The state’s population is report4ed to be increasing rapidly over other states. After retirement in other states most Americans from the Northeast and Midwest settle in the ever glowing economic activities such the construction industry and the financial service industries

Of late other than tourism, recreational and commercial fishing has developed and proved to be a well performing venture. The state is as well known as an agricultural production state which produce agricultural products such vegetables, cattle, fruits and dairy products in large quantities. In the United States, Florida is the largest producer of citrus fruit. The state is among the nine states that fail to impose a personal income tax. It has a Balanced Budget Amendment that is aimed at ensuring that the state never has a budget deficit although not directly included in the constitution.

One third of the state’s budget is resourced from General Revenue while hundreds of trust funds fund the remaining two thirds.

The state is home to the world’s largest cruise ship port known as the Port of Miami.

Tourism

Tourism has been identified as the most source of the state’s income and the factor be hide the state’s economic growth. It is estimated that over $40 billion dollars finds its way to Florida yearly by over forty million tourists who visit the state yearly. The tourism industry has brought bout other business opportunities including the hotels, leisure activities, restaurants, and other tourism-related economic activities.

Some of the major tourist attraction sites are the Walt Disney World in Orlando, Discovery Cove, Everglades National Park, Busch Gardens, Cape Canaveral Air Station, Kennedy Space Center, Miami Beach Daytona 500, SeaWorld park and the Dry Tortugas National Park among others.

Governance

The governance of Florida contains the governor, House of Representatives, senate, board of governors, department of education, FSU board of trustees and governmental relations.

Culture

Florida is one of the southern states and thus its culture is largely influenced by the southern culture as evidenced mostly in the North Florida and parts of rural Central Florida. The culture is as well influenced by the tourists and the economy.

The official language of Florida is English. Most of the people are Protestants similar to the rest of the United States. Florida was named the 27th state of the us in 1845.

The most common type of food is the seafood, key lime pie and Floribbean cuisine. The state is well known for sporting activities and the special music genres such as the Florida breaks and Miami Bass which attracts lot of tourists to the state.